The Meconopsis Group

Classification

Meconopsis taxa

How many different Meconopsis are there? The answer to that keeps changing, as new species are discovered, and botanical study can lead to new varieties being described for plants that are already known, or others may be combined under a single name.

When this list was first compiled, in 2019, there were 80 species, with further subdivision into subspecies and varieties giving a total of 110 taxa. That is the wild ones, excluding hybrids.

With such a large genus, it is helpful if related species are grouped, and in the case of Meconopsis there are four subgenera, called Meconopsis, Discogyne, Grandes and Cumminsia. Three of these are further sub-divided into sections, and within many sections there are two or more series.

The basis for our initial list is The Genus Meconopsis by Christopher Grey-Wilson, published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew in 2014, ISBN 978-1-81246-369-7. Changes published subsequently are indicated in the list by footnotes, which in turn lead to the list of references.

The Meconopsis Group aims to keep an up-to-date list of names here. New publications are included if we believe that they have been correctly published.

If we do not think that published revisions have a sound scientific basis, we do not include them here.

Navigating the table

You can order columns descending or ascending, using the up and down arrows at the top of each column.

The ID column on the left puts the entries into the normal botanical order.

You can filter the table using the search facility. The list is filtered in real time as you type. Start typing the letters g r a n d i s (without spaces) and you will see how it works! Delete all those letters and the whole list reappears.

IDSpeciesSub-specific taxonSub-generic taxonNote
1regiasubgenus Meconopsis section Meconopsis
2superbasubgenus Meconopsis section Meconopsis
3tayloriisubgenus Meconopsis section Meconopsis
4chankheliensissubgenus Meconopsis section Polychaetia series Robustae
5robustasubgenus Meconopsis section Polychaetia series Robustae
6gracilipessubgenus Meconopsis section Polychaetia series Robustae
7dhwojiisubgenus Meconopsis section Polychaetia series Robustae
8napaulensissubgenus Meconopsis section Polychaetia series Polychaetia
9autumnalissubgenus Meconopsis section Polychaetia series Polychaetia
10violaceasubgenus Meconopsis section Polychaetia series Polychaetia
11ganeshensissubgenus Meconopsis section Polychaetia series Polychaetia
12staintoniisubgenus Meconopsis section Polychaetia series Polychaetia
13wilsonii subsp. wilsoniisubgenus Meconopsis section Polychaetia series Polychaetia
14wilsonii subsp. australissubgenus Meconopsis section Polychaetia series Polychaetia
15wilsonii subsp. orientalissubgenus Meconopsis section Polychaetia series Polychaetia
16wallichii var. wallichiisubgenus Meconopsis section Polychaetia series Polychaetia
17wallichii var. fusco-purpureasubgenus Meconopsis section Polychaetia series Polychaetia
18paniculata subsp. paniculata var. paniculatasubgenus Meconopsis section Polychaetia series Polychaetia
19paniculata subsp. paniculata var. rubrasubgenus Meconopsis section Polychaetia series Polychaetia
20paniculata subsp. pseudoregiasubgenus Meconopsis section Polychaetia series Polychaetia
21simikotensissubgenus Discogyne
22manasluensissubgenus Discogyne
23torquatasubgenus Discogyne
24tibeticasubgenus Discogyne
25pinnatifoliasubgenus Discogyne
26discigerasubgenus Discogyne
27bhutanicasubgenus Discogyne
28betonicifoliasubgenus Grandes section Grandes series Grandes
29baileyi subsp. baileyisubgenus Grandes section Grandes series Grandes
30baileyi subsp. pratensissubgenus Grandes section Grandes series Grandes
31baileyi subsp. multidentatasubgenus Grandes section Grandes series Grandes
32grandis subsp. grandissubgenus Grandes section Grandes series Grandes
33grandis subsp. jumlaensissubgenus Grandes section Grandes series Grandes
34gakyidianasubgenus Grandes section Grandes series Grandesnote a
35sherriffiisubgenus Grandes section Grandes series Grandes
36integrifoliasubsp. integrifoliasubgenus Grandes section Grandes series Integrifoliae
37integrifoliasubsp. soulieisubgenus Grandes section Grandes series Integrifoliae
38lijiangensissubgenus Grandes section Grandes series Integrifoliae
39wanbaensissubgenus Grandes section Grandes series Integrifoliaenote t
40pseudointegrifoliasubsp. pseudointegrifoliasubgenus Grandes section Grandes series Integrifoliae
41pseudointegrifoliasubsp. daliensissubgenus Grandes section Grandes series Integrifoliae
42uniflorasubgenus Grandes section Grandes series Integrifoliaenote s
43sulphureasubsp. sulphureasubgenus Grandes section Grandes series Integrifoliae
44sulphureasubsp. gracilifoliasubgenus Grandes section Grandes series Integrifoliae
45simplicifolia subsp. simplicifoliasubgenus Grandes section Simplicifoliae series Simplicifoliae
46simplicifolia subsp. grandiflorasubgenus Grandes section Simplicifoliae series Simplicifoliae
47nychingensissubgenus Grandes section Simplicifoliae series Simplicifoliae
48puniceasubgenus Grandes section Simplicifoliae series Puniceae
49puniceaf. albiflorasubgenus Grandes section Simplicifoliae series Puniceae
50quintuplinervia var. quintuplinerviasubgenus Grandes section Simplicifoliae series Puniceae
51quintuplinervia var. glabrasubgenus Grandes section Simplicifoliae series Puniceae
52latifoliasubgenus Cumminsia section Aculeatae
53neglectasubgenus Cumminsia section Aculeatae
54aculeatasubgenus Cumminsia section Aculeatae
55speciosa subsp. cawdorianasubgenus Cumminsia section Aculeatae
56speciosa subsp. speciosasubgenus Cumminsia section Aculeatae
57speciosa subsp. yulongxueshanensissubgenus Cumminsia section Aculeatae
58prainiana var. prainianasubgenus Cumminsia section Aculeataenote r
59prainiana var. luteasubgenus Cumminsia section Aculeataenote r
60merakensis var. merakensissubgenus Cumminsia section Aculeataenote b
61merakensis var. alboluteasubgenus Cumminsia section Aculeataenote b
62horridula subsp. drukyulensissubgenus Cumminsia section Racemosae series Racemosae
63horridula subsp. horridulasubgenus Cumminsia section Racemosae series Racemosae
64elongatasubgenus Cumminsia section Racemosae series Racemosaenote b
65lhasaensissubgenus Cumminsia section Racemosae series Racemosae
66rudissubgenus Cumminsia section Racemosae series Racemosae
67bijiangensis subsp. bijiangensissubgenus Cumminsia section Racemosae series Racemosae
68bijiangensis subsp. chimiliensissubgenus Cumminsia section Racemosae series Racemosae
69zhongdianensissubgenus Cumminsia section Racemosae series Racemosae
70georgeisubgenus Cumminsia section Racemosae series Racemosaenote c
71castaneasubgenus Cumminsia section Racemosae series Racemosaenote d
72racemosasubgenus Cumminsia section Racemosae series Racemosae
73prattiisubgenus Cumminsia section Racemosae series Racemosae
74atrovinosa subgenus Cumminsia section Racemosae series Racemosaenote o
75balangensis var. balangensissubgenus Cumminsia section Racemosae series Heterandrae
76balangensis var. atratasubgenus Cumminsia section Racemosae series Heterandrae
77heterandrasubgenus Cumminsia section Racemosae series Heterandrae
78venustasubgenus Cumminsia section Impeditae series Impeditae
79concinnasubgenus Cumminsia section Impeditae series Impeditae
80pseudovenustasubgenus Cumminsia section Impeditae series Impeditae
81impedita subsp. impeditasubgenus Cumminsia section Impeditae series Impeditae
82impedita subsp. rubrasubgenus Cumminsia section Impeditae series Impeditae
83muscicolasubgenus Cumminsia section Impeditae series Impeditae
84pulchellavar. pulchellasubgenus Cumminsia section Impeditae series Impeditae
85pulchellavar. melanantherasubgenus Cumminsia section Impeditae series Impeditaenote u
86brachynemasubgenus Cumminsia section Impeditae series Impeditaenote l
87delavayisubgenus Cumminsia section Impeditae series Delavayanae
88henricisubgenus Cumminsia section Forrestianae series Henricanaenote q
89psilonomma var. psilonommasubgenus Cumminsia section Forrestianae series Henricanaenote e
90psilonomma var. sinomaculatasubgenus Cumminsia section Forrestianae series Henricanaenote f
91psilonomma var. calcicolasubgenus Cumminsia section Forrestianae series Henricanaenote g
92psilonomma var. zhagangensissubgenus Cumminsia section Forrestianae series Henricanaenote g
93huanglongensissubgenus Cumminsia section Forrestianae series Henricanaenote k
94angustipetalasubgenus Cumminsia section Forrestianae series Henricanaenote l
95forrestiisubgenus Cumminsia section Forrestianae series Forrestianaenote i
96yaoshanensisvar. yaoshanensissubgenus Cumminsia section Forrestianae series Forrestianaenote j
97yaoshanensisvar. luojiensissubgenus Cumminsia section Forrestianae series Forrestianaenote j
98inapertasubgenus Cumminsia section Forrestianae series Forrestianae
99lancifolia subsp. lancifoliasubgenus Cumminsia section Forrestianae series Forrestianae
100lancifolia subsp. eximiasubgenus Cumminsia section Forrestianae series Forrestianae
101lancifolia subsp. shikaensissubgenus Cumminsia section Forrestianae series Forrestianaenote j
102lancifolia subsp. xiangchengensissubgenus Cumminsia section Forrestianae series Forrestianaenote m
103lepida subgenus Cumminsia section Forrestianae series Forrestianaenote h
104purpureasubgenus Cumminsia section Forrestianae series Forrestianaenote k
105wengdaensissubgenus Cumminsia section Forrestianae series Forrestianaenote k
106pleurogynasubgenus Cumminsia section Forrestianae series Forrestianaenote l
107apricasubgenus Cumminsia section Forrestianae series Forrestianaenote k
108barbisetasubgenus Cumminsia section Forrestianae series Barbisetaenote n
109hispidasubgenus Cumminsia section Forrestianae series Barbisetaenote p
110trichogynasubgenus Cumminsia section Forrestianae series Barbisetaenote p
111primulinasubgenus Cumminsia section Cumminsia series Primulinae
112argemonantha var. argemonanthasubgenus Cumminsia section Cumminsia series Primulinae
113argemonantha var. luteasubgenus Cumminsia section Cumminsia series Primulinae
114florindaesubgenus Cumminsia section Cumminsia series Primulinae
115bulbiliferasubgenus Cumminsia section Cumminsia series Cumminsia
116lyratasubgenus Cumminsia section Cumminsia series Cumminsia
117sinuatasubgenus Cumminsia section Cumminsia series Cumminsia
118ludlowiisubgenus Cumminsia section Cumminsia series Cumminsia
119wumungensissubgenus Cumminsia section Cumminsia series Cumminsia
120comptasubgenus Cumminsia section Cumminsia series Cumminsia
121polygonoidessubgenus Cumminsia section Cumminsia series Cumminsia
122exilissubgenus Cumminsia section Cumminsia series Cumminsia
123lamjungensissubgenus Cumminsia section Cumminsia series Cumminsia
124bella subsp. subintegrifoliasubgenus Cumminsia section Bellae
125bella subsp. grandifoliasubgenus Cumminsia section Bellae
126bella subsp. bellasubgenus Cumminsia section Bellae

Footnotes

a Name change from M. grandis subsp. orientalis. Ref. 1.
b New species. Ref. 2.
c
Previously M. georgei f. georgei. Ref. 3.

d Previously M. georgei f. castanea. Ref. 3.
e Previously M. psilonomma. Ref. 4.
f Previously M. sinomaculata. Ref. 4.
g New variety. Ref. 5.
h Previously M. lancifolia subsp. lepida. Ref. 5.
i Previously there were no series within section Forrestianae. Ref. 6.
j New variety or subspecies. Ref. 6.
k
New species. Ref. 6.
l
New species. Ref. 7.
m
Previously M. xiangchengensis. Ref. 6.
n
Reinstated as a species, in a new series. Ref. 8.
o
New species. Ref. 9.
p
New species. Ref. 8.
q
Previously Henricanae were in section Impeditae. Ref. 5.
r Previously in section Racemosae. Ref. 2.
s Previously included in M. pseudointegifolia. Ref. 10.
t New species. Ref. 11.
u New variety. Ref. 11.

References

  1. T. Yoshida, R. Yangzom and D. Long (2016). Sibbaldia: The Journal of Botanic Garden Horticulture, (14), 69-95.
  2. T. Yoshida, R. Yangzom and D. Long (2016). The Plantsman, 15 (3), 177-181.
  3. L. Wei, Y. Zhou and Q.-R. Liu (2019). Nordic J. Bot., c0369.
  4. H. Ohba. S. Akiyama and S.-K. Wu (2006). J. Jap. Bot., 81 (5): 289-297.
  5. T. Yoshida and H. Sun (2017). Harvard Papers in Botany, 22 (2): 157-192.
  6. T. Yoshida and H. Sun (2019). Harvard Papers in Botany, 24 (2): 379-421.
  7. W. T. Wang, Guihaia, (2019), 39(1): 1-6 and (2016), 36(Z1): 227-230.
  8. T. Yoshida and H. Sun (2018). Harvard Papers in Botany, 23 (2): 313-332.
  9. T. Yoshida and H. Sun (2019). Harvard Papers in Botany, 24 (2): 359-378.
  10. T. Yoshida, B. Xu and D. E. Boufford (2019). Harvard Papers in Botany, 24 (1): 41-46.
  11. T. Yoshida (2019). Harvard Papers in Botany, 24 (1): 31-39.